Synopsis of Anantapur District Potentiality Report
district is the biggest district of the state of Andhra
Pradesh accounting for 6.7% of the total geographical area of
is one of the prominent districts of the Rayalaseema Region of
the state comprising 964 revenue villages managed by 69
revenue mandals and administered by 3 revenue divisions.
Anantapur district is found
as the driest part of the country with the second lowest
average rainfall of 520.4mm after Jaisalmer district in the
state of Rajasthan and is classified as tropical arid with
aridity index of 72.5%.
The total population of the district is 3.63 lakh. Out of
which 74.72% are rural population whose principal occupation
5. Out of the total
geographical area of 19,13,492 hectares, about 54.66% is under
net area sown and 10.28% of area is barren and uncultivable
6. Agriculture is the main
occupation of the district and food crops and oil seeds are
the main crops.
The district is considered
pioneer in the production of oil seeds specially about 71.7%
of the total cropped area is under groundnut cultivation. The
production of groundnut here is highest in the Rayalaseema
region as well as the state of Andhra Pradesh. It is one of
the strong points of the district.
Citrus, Mango, Papaya and
tamarind are the main horticultural crops widely grown in the
The district also produces
Jasmine, Crossandra and Marigold along with vegetable and
Anantapur district again
stands first in the state of Andhra Pradesh in sericulture
activities with about 53,335 acres under Mulberry plantation
under irrigation covering 48105 sericulturists. The
production of reeling cocoons in the district per year is
around 19,428 metric tonnes worth 1834.70 lakhs.
11. Among live stock resources
sheep is very popular resource which is quite suitable to grow
as per the geographical conditions due to which the sheep
population of the district is 11.20% of the states sheep
Anantapur district is the
only district in the state where wide range of minerals from
limestone, granite to diamonds gold and coloured stones are
This district is bestowed
with one of the rare sources of solar energy i.e. Wind power.
Due to the availability of high velocity winds about 66.74 MW
installed capacity of wind power plants are established.
There are about 47 large
and medium scale industries in the district with a capital
investment of 33148.63 lakhs out of these about 24 units are
of wind power generation.
15. There are about 7000
permanently registered small scale units at Anantapur as on
32.3.2003 with an investment of 1d2355555.76 lakhs employing
about 40080 persons. The small scale sector is dominated by
food based, mineral based and service sector.
Nimmalakunta puppetry is
one of the famous traditional handicraft cluster thriving well
in the district.
The district has a very
strong handloom base which is proud of producing the famous
Dharmavaram Saree and about 20000 households with 45,000
people engaged in this activity producing cloth worth
Rs.704.34 lakhs and Rs.52.21 lakh worth of wool.
Anantapur district is proud
to have the prestigious Oil Technological Research Institute (OTRI)
which is only one of its kind in
India devoted for research
and development of oil seeds.
19. Prominent non-governmental
organizations (NGOs) like YIP, RDT and twenty other NGOs are
actively engaged in all the developmental activities of the
Taking into consideration
the resources and infrastructure facilities available, 22
candidate based industries, 61 resources based industries and
179 demand based industries with the details of fixed capital
working capital, labour and potential areas of location are
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