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A Profile of Andhra Pradesh

SISI, Hyderabad compiled a Profile of AP which gives in detail, the resources available- agricultural, mineral, human, etc, and discusses the present industrial climate in the district. The Profile also throws light on the progress being made on the industrial front, the incentives and concessions given to the industrial sector. The achievements of the state in infrastructure development, the industrial thrust areas identified for development, and Government schemes and incentives are given in detail.

The following is the gist of the Profile:

Andhra Pradesh is endowed with fertile soil, perennial rivers, good forest cover, and good mineral deposits. It has a wide agriculture base, with a variety of crops like Paddy, Jowar, Bajra, Maize, Pulses, Oilseeds, Horticulture crops like fruits, vegetables and flowers, and commercial crops like cotton, tobacco, chilies and other spices etc grown extensively.

The state has a population of 7.61 crores, of which 72.65% is rural. Literacy rate is 61.11 (male literacy is 70.85, female literacy is 51.17). Work participation rate in the State is 45 %( All India 38%).

On the industrial front too, the State has made rapid strides. The number of Small Scale industries to 142960, with an investment of Rs.4361 crores, providing employment to 12.71 lakh persons. The per unit investment in the SSI sector too has seen a rise from Rs.1.3 lakhs in 1985 to Rs3.05 lakhs in 2003. The district-wise stratification of the number of SSIs shows the maximum number of units in Ranga Reddy district (17,153), followed by Hyderabad (14,008) and Visakhapatnam (10,003). The product wise stratification shows that maximum number of SSIs is in the Food and food products category, followed Metal products and mineral products. Exports from the State also showed an increase, with the total exports touching Rs.13614 Crores. Software, Drugs & Pharmaceuticals, Agro products and Leather products are the major export areas.

The State has identified Agro based sector, Leather and leather products, Pharmaceuticals, Biotechnology, Tourism, etc as thrust areas for propelling the growth rate. It has created new infrastructure like Leather parks, food parks, Bio tech Park, Export Import Parks, etc to provide an impetus. The new state industrial policy shows a shift from capital subsidy to infrastructure and training based support.

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